These colloquia featured such luminaries as Max Planck, Max von Laue, Rudolf Ladenburg, Werner Heisenberg, Walther Nernst, Wolfgang Pauli, and Albert Einstein. Wigner worked at the Kaiser Wilhelm Institute for Physical Chemistry and Electrochemistry (now the Fritz Haber Institute), and there he met Michael Polanyi, who became, after László Rátz, Wigner's greatest teacher. Polanyi supervised Wigner's DSc thesis, Bildung und Zerfall von Molekülen ("Formation and Decay of Molecules"). Wigner–d'Espagnat inequality Gabor–Wigner transform Wigner's theorem Jordan–Wigner transformation Newton–Wigner localization WignerInonu contraction Wigner–Seitz cell Wigner–Seitz radius ThomasWigner rotation Wigner–Weyl transform WignerWilkins Spectra 6j symbol 9j symbol Medal for Merit (1946) Franklin Medal (1950) Enrico Fermi Award (1958) Atoms for Peace Award (1959) Max Planck Medal (1961) Nobel Prize in Physics (1963) National Medal of Science (1969) Albert Einstein Award (1972) Wigner Medal (1978); November 17, 1902 – January 1, 1995), was a HungarianAmerican theoretical physicist, engineer and mathematician. He received half of the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1963 "for his contributions to the theory of the atomic nucleus and the elementary particles, particularly through the discovery and application of fundamental symmetry principles". The representation of a symmetry group on a Hilbert space is either an ordinary representation or a projective representation. In the late 1930s, Wigner extended his research into atomic nuclei. Wigner participated in a meeting with Leo Szilard and Albert Einstein that resulted in the EinsteinSzilard letter, which prompted President Franklin D. Roosevelt to initiate the Manhattan Project to develop atomic bombs.
